Compressed air energy storage in porous formations: a feasibility and deliverability study
B. Wang and S. Bauer
Issue: Vol 23, No 3, August 2017 pp. 306 - 314
Special Topic: Geological storage of CO2, gas and energy
Info: Article, PDF ( 1.17Mb )
Compressed air energy storage (CAES) in porous formations is considered as one option for large-scale energy storage to compensate for fluctuations from renewable energy production. To analyse the feasibility of such a CAES application and the deliverability of an underground porous formation, a hypothetical CAES scenario using an anticline structure is investigated. Two daily extraction cycles of 6 h each are assumed, complementing high solar energy production around noon. A gas turbine producing 321 MW of power with a minimum inlet pressure of 43 bar at 417 kg s−1 air is assumed. Simulation results show that using six wells the 20 m-thick storage formation with a permeability of 1000 mD can support the required 6 h continuous power output of 321 MW, even reaching 8 h maximally. For the first 30 min, maximum power output is higher, at 458 MW, continuously dropping afterwards. A sensitivity analysis shows that the number of wells required does not linearly decrease with increasing permeability of the storage formation due to well inference during air extraction. For each additional well, the continuous power output increases by 4.8 h and the maximum power output within the first 30 min by 76 MW.